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How to Cite an Adaptive Document in APA Format


An adaptive document usually refers to a picture, map, chart or table from someone else's work that you include in your paper. For example, if you were doing a research paper on the rate of AIDS in South Africa, you might include a chart showing the number of new cases per year from a reference source and you would have to cite the source. Documents are divided into two major categories: tables and figures. Figures include maps, charts and pictures. One common format professors may require for citing your source is APA style, which is created by the American Psychological Association.

Figures

Look up the name of the figure, the title of the resource, author and year of publication. If it comes from a book, also look up the publisher and publisher's location. In the case of a journal, the volume and page number.

Write "Figure # (italics)," the caption, "Adapted from" before the title of the article, the author's name, year and either the place of publication, publisher and page if citing a book or the title of the journal, the volume number and page number if citing a journal. For example, for a book you would cite: Figure # (italics). Caption. Adapted from "Book Title," by author name, year, publisher location: publisher, p. #. Example: Figure 1 (italics) Population of Africa. Adapted from "The African Experience," Kelly Thomas, 2004, New York: Homebound Publishers, p. 102. For a journal, you would cite: Figure # (italics). Caption. Adapted from "Book Title," by author name, year, Journal Title (italics), volume (italics) p. #. Example: Figure 2 (italics). Adapted from "Immigration to Madagascar," by Kevin Smalls, 2010, Population Magazine (italics), 2 (italics) p. 40.

Insert the citation below the picture for the in-text citation.

Cite the resource as part of your reference list following standard APA formatting for the reference.

Tables

Look up the name of the figure, the title of the resource, author and year of publication. If it comes from a book, also look up the publisher and publisher's location. In the case of a journal, the volume and page number.

Write "Note (italics)," "Adapted from" before the title of the article, the author's name, year and either the place of publication and publisher if citing a book or the title of the journal and the volume number if citing a journal. The page number is placed after the title for books and after the volume for journals. For example, for a table from a book you would use: Note (italics). Adapted from "Book Title" (p. #), by Author's Name, year, Place of Publication: Publisher. Example: Note (italics). Adapted from "AIDS in Africa" (p. 91) by Jacob Smite, 2006, Chicago: Book Galore.

For a table from a journal you would use: Note (italics). Adapted from "Article Title" by Author's Name, year, Title of Journal, Volume, p. #. Example: Note (italics). Adapted from "The Spread of Diseases" by Mary Mitchell, 2008, Diseases Magazine, 8, p. 33.

Insert the citation below the table for the in-text citation. The caption for the table is placed above the table and is not part of the citation.

Cite the resource as part of your reference list following standard APA formatting for the reference.

About the Author

Mark Kennan is a writer based in the Kansas City area, specializing in personal finance and business topics. He has been writing since 2009 and has been published by "Quicken," "TurboTax," and "The Motley Fool."

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