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How to Cite an Article Inside of a Book


Properly citing sources in a research paper is the surest way to avoid charges of plagiarism. When you cite an article published in a book, you need to include publication information for both the article and the book. Both the APA (American Psychological Association) and the MLA (Modern Language Association) offer guidelines for the citation of articles published within books. APA style is most often used by students studying within the social sciences, whereas MLA style is frequently used by students of the humanities, such as history and English.

APA Style

Begin your full bibliographic entry with the last name, a comma, a space the first initial of the article author and a period. For example:

White, J.

Follow the author's name with a space and the year in which the book was published. The year should be enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period. For example:

White, J. (2009).

Add a space, and list the title of the article, followed by a period. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word of the title and the first letters of any proper nouns. For example:

White, J. (2009). The military history of Argentina.

Add a space after the final period.

Write the word In after the article's title, followed by a space and the first initial and last name of the editor of the book. The author's first initial and last name should be separated by a space. After another space after the last name, include (Ed.), a comma and a space. For example:

White, J. (2009). The military history of Argentina. In T. Smith (Ed.),

List the title of the book in italicized font. Add a space but no punctuation. For example:

White, J. (2009). The military history of Argentina. In T. Smith (Ed.), Military Histories of the World

Military Histories of the World would be italicized in this example.

List the page numbers on which the article appears, preceded by pp. and enclosed in parentheses. There should be a space between pp. and the beginning page number. Separate the beginning and ending page numbers with a hyphen. Place a period after the closing parenthesis. For example:

White, J. (2009). The military history of Argentina. In T. Smith (Ed.), Military Histories of the World (pp. 17-29).

Conclude your full bibliographic citation with a space after the page reference, the city of publication and the publisher. The city and publisher should be separated by a colon and a space. Add a period after the publisher's name. For example:

White, J. (2009). The military history of Argentina. In T. Smith (Ed.), Military Histories of the World (pp. 17-29). Chicago: Military Press.

Cite the author's last name, year of publication and page number whenever you quote or paraphrase from the article in the text. Separate these elements with commas and spaces. Place a p. and a space before the page number. The citation should appear in parentheses and outside of quotation marks and should precede punctuation such as commas and periods. For example:

It is clear from documents seized after the raid that Argentina's military strength was "greatly overestimated, largely due to inaccurate intelligence" (White, 2009, p. 23).

MLA Style

Begin your full bibliographic entry with the last and first name of the article author. Place a comma and a space after the author's last name and a period and a space after the author's first name. For example:

White, Josh.

Follow the author's name with the title of the article and a period, both of which should appear within quotation marks. The title should be referenced exactly as it appears in the article, following the capitalization. For example:

White, Josh. "The Military History of Argentina."

Add a space after the quotation mark, and list the title of the book in italicized font, followed by a period and another space. For example:

White, Josh. "The Military History of Argentina." Military Histories of the World.

Military Histories of the World would be italicized in this example.

Write the first and last names of the editor, preceded by Ed. and a space. Follow the editor's name with a period and a space. For example:

White, Josh. "The Military History of Argentina." Military Histories of the World. Ed. Theresa Smith.

List the city of publication, followed by a colon and a space. For example:

White, Josh. "The Military History of Argentina." Military Histories of the World. Ed. Theresa Smith. Chicago:

Follow the city of publication with the name of the publisher, followed by a comma and a space. For example:

White, Josh. "The Military History of Argentina." Military Histories of the World. Ed. Theresa Smith. Chicago: Military Press,

Include the year in which the book was published, followed by a period and a space. For example:

White, Josh. "The Military History of Argentina." Military Histories of the World. Ed. Theresa Smith. Chicago: Military Press, 2009.

Include the page numbers on which the article appears, followed by a period and a space. Separate the beginning and ending page numbers with a hyphen. For example:

White, Josh. "The Military History of Argentina." Military Histories of the World. Ed. Theresa Smith. Chicago: Military Press, 2009. 17-29.

Conclude your full citation with the medium of publication, which should appear as Print. Follow the medium of publication with a period. The full citation should appear as follows:

White, Josh. "The Military History of Argentina." Military Histories of the World. Ed. Theresa Smith. Chicago: Military Press, 2009. 17-29. Print.

Cite the author's last name and referenced page number whenever you quote or paraphrase from the article in the text. In MLA style, in-text citations contain no punctuation. The citation should appear outside of quotation marks and should precede punctuation such as commas and periods. For example:

It is clear from documents seized after the raid that Argentina's military strength was "greatly overestimated, largely due to inaccurate intelligence" (White 23).

About the Author

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