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How to Cite Illustrations in APA Format


When adhering to American Psychological Association guidelines, all sources must be included in a reference list at the end of your term paper. This includes illustrations in books and textbooks. When you are citing an illustration in APA format, it is important to include both the name of the artist and image, as well as the name of the author or editor.

List the author's name in the following format: last name, comma, first initial and period. For example:

Smith, D.

List the year of publication of the book in which the illustration appears. This should appear in parentheses and be followed by a period. For example:

(2009).

List the title of the illustration, followed by a period. Capitalize only the first letter, as well as the first letters of any proper nouns. For example:

Garden of Chinese snapdragons in autumn.

List the name of the book's editor in the following format:

In C. Jones (Ed.),

If the book has an author and not an editor, list the author's name in the following format:

In C. Jones,

List the title of the book in which the illustration appears. The title of the book should appear in italics. Capitalize only the first letter, as well as the first letters of any proper nouns. For example:

Art at the midpoint of our century

In parentheses, list the page number on which the illustration appears, followed by a period. For example:

(p. 117).

List the city of publication, followed by a colon. For example:

Boston:

List the publisher, followed by a period. For example:

Paul Revere Press.

Ensure that the finished citation appears in the following format:

Smith, D. (2009). Garden of Chinese snapdragons in autumn. In C. Jones (Ed.), Art at the midpoint of our century (p. 117). Boston: Paul Revere Press.

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