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How to Cite a Microfilm in APA


Although writers in the behavioral and social sciences tend to seek current data to back up their ideas, they sometimes need to gather historical information that they find on microfilm. The sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association provides guidelines for citing this stored material to help writers properly attribute their sources.

In-Text Citation

When discussing material found on microfilm in your paper, you must include a reference citation within parentheses. After the information, indicate the author's last name and the date of the material, such as: (Doe, 1985). If you mention the author's name in text, omit it from the parentheses.

References Page

Include the full information for any in-text citation on the References page. Begin with the author's last name, a comma, the author's first initial and a period. Put the publication date, with the year, a comma and the month and day, if available, in parentheses. Add a period. Identify the name of the article in sentence case. Add a period. Then put the italicized title of the newspaper or journal, a comma, "p." without quotation marks for "page," the page number and a period; for example: Doe, J. (1985, December 30). Top ten lawmakers of the year. The Daily Newspaper (italicized), p. 21. If the article is only available on microfilm, you can also include the reel number of the microfilm, then a comma, then "Microfilm Collection" without the quotation marks. Add another comma, then the name of the archive, a comma and then the location of the archive followed by a period.

About the Author

Living in upstate New York, Susan Sherwood is a researcher who has been writing within educational settings for more than 10 years. She has co-authored papers for Horizons Research, Inc. and the Capital Region Science Education Partnership. Sherwood has a Ph.D. in curriculum and instruction from the University at Albany.

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