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How to Cite Scientific Journals in APA Format


Every source used in any type of academic or professional writing needs to be correctly cited. Scientific journals are no exception. Following the American Psychological Association (APA) format, scientific journals can easily be cited by following a few simple steps. Reference page citations belong on the reference page at the end of your APA format paper. In-text citations belong throughout the paper when paraphrasing or directly quoting something from the scientific journal article.

Reference Page Citation

Type the last name of the author of the scientific journal article, a comma, the first initial of the author's first name and a period.

Type the year that the article was published in parentheses, followed by a period.

Type the title of the article (only capitalizing the first word) and a period.

Type the title of the scientific journal in italics, followed by a comma.

Type the volume number in italics, the issue number right after it in parentheses and a comma.

Type the page numbers of the article (for example, 57-90) and a period to complete the citation.

In-Text Citation

Type the last name of the author of the article and a comma.

Type the year that the article was published.

Put the whole citation in parentheses (for example, (Smith, 2009)) at the end of the sentence where you paraphrased or directly quoted the author.

About the Author

Amy Ess has been writing both academically and professionally since 2002. She has served as the head grant writer for a nonprofit organization and received her Bachelor of Science degree in sociology from the University of Central Florida. Ess is currently studying for her master's degree in nonprofit management—also from The University of Central Florida.

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