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How to Cite the State of the Union Address in APA Format


The sixth edition of the American Psychological Association Publication Manual presents guidelines for academic writing. It offers style and format rules for a variety of sources, such as journal articles, books and electronic resources. It also covers the procedure for citing information that was originally in spoken form, such as the State of the Union Address.

In-Text Citation

When mentioning information from the State of the Union Address, there must be an in-text citation. However, the speech itself need not referenced. Instead, cite the source where a transcript of the speech is found. A previous State of the Union Address may be in a book, but current addresses are available from websites, including those of news services and the White House. After the information in text, place the book author's last name or name of the address and the year in parentheses; for example: (State of the Union Address, 2012). If the name of the address has already been mentioned, omit it from the parentheses.

Reference Page

Any in-text citation must be included on the reference page. If the address is from a book, start with the last name of the author, a comma and the initials. If this is an edited book (e.g., a collection of speeches), include "(Ed.)" (without quotation marks), followed by a period. List the publication year in parentheses. Add a period. Next comes the italicized name of the book in sentence case and a period. Then include the publication location, a colon, the publisher and a period. For example: Smith, T. (Ed.). (2001). Great presidential speeches. New York: The Best Publishing Company. If the address is from an online source, since there is no author, begin with the italicized name of the speech and a period. The year goes in parentheses. Add a period. Include "Retrieved" (without quotation marks), the date you accessed it online, a comma, "from" (without quotation marks) and the URL; for example: The State of the Union Address. (2012). Retrieved February 20, 2013, from URL.

About the Author

Living in upstate New York, Susan Sherwood is a researcher who has been writing within educational settings for more than 10 years. She has co-authored papers for Horizons Research, Inc. and the Capital Region Science Education Partnership. Sherwood has a Ph.D. in curriculum and instruction from the University at Albany.

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