menu

How to Make Bibliography Cards for Websites


When creating bibliography cards for Internet research, it is important that you write down all the relevant information, in the order required by your format, such as MLA or APA. When you complete your research you want to be able to use your cards to create a proper bibliography page so your reader can find these sources and verify your work represents them accurately. Read carefully, as each format has slightly different requirements.

Purpose of bibliography cards

Bibliography cards are note cards researchers use to list their sources of information. Each card contains the information about one source. These bibliography cards can then be put in the proper order and used when preparing a works cited page. This page shows the reader where the researchers found their information so they can validate the researchers' information and how they used it to support their thesis. The reader may also look to the works cited for places they may do some further reading about the subject.

MLA

To follow the MLA format put the following information in this order:

author name(s), "page title." website title, sponsoring institution or publisher, date published, Web, and date accessed.

The author's name should be given last name, followed by a comma and then the first name. Middle names should appear as they do on the website, and suffixes should be preceded by a comma and appear after the first and middle name. If there is more than one author, list the authors in the order they appear on the website. If a news service or organization is given credit for the article, put the group's name in the author's place. Leave out introductory articles like "a," "an" or "the." If no author is given, skip ahead to the page title.

The page title should be written in sentence form, with only the first word and proper nouns capitalized, and a period at the end. It should be in quotation marks. The website title should be underlined when hand written, but italicized when typed onto the final works cited page.

If no sponsoring institution or publisher is available put N.P. in this place.

When adding the date, put it in international format, which is day month year. Include as much of the date information as you can find on the website. If it lacks any publication date information, list it as N.D.

Finish with the date you accessed the website so if the article is updated the reader will know why the new information was not used. Conclude the citation with a period after the date.

The URL is not an official part of the MLA format, but may be included at the writer's discretion or upon the teacher or professor's request. If you do include it, put it at the end of the citation and enclose it in angle brackets. Place the end of citation period after the brackets.

APA

To follow the APA format put the following information in this order:

author name(s) (year, month day of publication). "page title." website title, date accessed, web address.

The author's name should be given last name, followed by a comma and then the first name. Middle names should be abbreviated, and suffixes should be preceded by a comma and appear after the first name and initial. If there is more than one author separate their names with a comma up to six. If there are more than six authors abbreviate the list after the sixth author with "et al." If a news service or organization is given credit for the article, put the group's name in the author's place. If no author is given, begin with page title.

The date of publication always comes second in the citation. If the article has no author, the date of publication goes after the title rather than the author. Include as much of the date information as you can find on the website. If it lacks any publication date information, list it as N.D.

The page title should be written in sentence form, with only the first word and proper nouns capitalized, and a period at the end. The website title should be underlined if hand written but italicized when typed onto the final bibliography page.

Finish with the date you accessed the website so if the article is updated, the reader will know why the new information was not used. The word "Retrieved" should precede the date. After the date write the word "from" and list the URL.

Chicago and Turabian

The Chicago and Turabian formats are the same for this type of citation.They put the following information in this order:

author name(s), "page title." website title, web address (date accessed).

The author's name should be given last name, followed by a comma and then the first name. Middle names should appear as they do on the website, and suffixes should be preceded by a comma and appear after the first name and initial. If there is more than one author, list the rest in regular order, first name first, and separate them with commas. If no author is provided, the website owner should be named here.

The page title should be listed in quotation marks and end with a period. It should be written in sentence format with only the first word and proper nouns capitalized. If the website title is not available, use the owner of the site instead.

Finally, list the URL, and beside it in parentheses the word "accessed" and the date you accessed the website. Conclude the citation with a period.

About the Author

Based in central Florida, J. Jeremy Dean has written for 16 years and has written news and entertainment articles for "The Daily Commercial" in Leesburg, Fla. In 2002, he won the Florida Society of Newspaper Editors award for criticism. Dean holds a professional writing bachelor's degree from Glenville State College and a master's of education degree from National Louis University.

Photo Credits
  • Brand X Pictures/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images