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How to Reference E-medicine Articles


Knowing how to cite all sources used in a paper can be difficult, but by following the guidelines set forward by the American Psychological Association (APA), citing eMedicine can be done in a few steps. Because eMedicine is a website, you will treat any article quoted or paraphrased from the site as an article in a website. Try to find sources written by those holding a Ph.D. or M.D. to legitimize the source. (Resource 1)

Determine the author(s) of the article. The citation will begin with the first listed author's last name, followed by a comma and the first initial. List the remaining authors in the same manner, separating the final two with an ampersand (&): Author, A., & Author, B. (Reference 1) If no author is available, "cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses." (Reference 2)

Type an opening parenthesis. Inside the parentheses, write the date of publication. Close the parentheses, followed by a period. (Reference 3) If no date is available, "use (n.d.) for no date." (Reference 1)

Insert the title of the article, followed by a period. (Reference 3)

Write "Retrieved from:" followed by the complete URL for the document's website. There is no closing period. (Reference 1)

About the Author

Megan Weber began writing professionally in 2010. Her expertise is travel, specifically through Europe and the United Kingdom, and literature. Weber has a Master of Arts degree in English from the University of South Florida and a Bachelor of Arts in English from Wittenberg University, where she graduated with honors.

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