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How to Spell out Dates in MLA


The Modern Language Association style is often used in the humanities field, usually when people are writing on language and literature. According to the seventh edition of the MLA Handbook, how you spell out the date can depend on whether it is at the beginning of a sentence or within the text.

Beginning of the Sentence

If you must use a date at the beginning of the sentence, the month should come first, spelled out. When at all possible, rewrite the sentence to place the date within the text. For example, "September 21 was..." rather than "21 September was..."

In Text

When you are writing a date inside the body of text, you can use one of two formats. The U.S. format is "month day, year." The universal or European format is "day month year." The year should be four digits. No comma is needed if only the month and year are provided. Be consistent throughout your document with whichever format you decide to use; don’t switch between the two.

U.S. format: "On February 5, 2000, the…"

Universal or European format: "It went into effect on 5 February 2000."

Dates in References

The dates you use in the references section are spelled out a bit differently than in-text dates. Abbreviate the month to three letters, except May, June and July, which you would spell out, and September, which you shorten to Sept. Just like in-text dates, you should use a four-digit year. For example "Sept. 2012" or "21 Jan. 1998."

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