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How to Write a Bibliography for Science Projects


Writing and creating a science project requires a lot of research. In order for your work to be credible, you need to cite the references you used in your project's bibliography. To make compiling the bibliography easier, keep track of your sources as you do your research and include them in the bibliography. Double-check each source in the bibliography to ensure it is formatted correctly before handing the project in to your instructor.

Encyclopedia Bibliography Citation

Write the name of the topic you researched followed by a period. Write the year of publication in parentheses followed by a period. For example: "Static Electricity. (1999)."

Write the name of the encyclopedia in italics followed by a period. Write "pp." for page numbers, then write the page number where you found the information, enclose within parentheses and follow with a period. For example: "Encyclopedia Britannica. (pp. 23-24).

Write the city of publication, a colon, and the name of the publishing house followed by a period. For example: "New York City: Random House."

Verify that your citation looks like the following: "Static Electricity. (1999). Encyclopedia Britannica. (pp. 23-24). New York City: Random House."

Book Bibliography Citation

Write the last name of the author, a comma, the author's first name and a period. Write the year of publication in parentheses followed by a period. For example: "Brown, John. (1978)."

Write the title of the book in italics, followed by a period. For example: "The Principles of Static Electricity."

Write the city of publication, a colon, the publishing house name, a comma, and the copyright date, followed by a period. For example: "Chicago: Random House, 1998."

Verify that your citation looks like the following: "Brown, John. (1978). The Principles of Static Electricity. Chicago: Random House, 1998."

Scientific Journal/Magazine Bibliography Citation

Write the last name of the author of the article, a comma, the author's first name, and a period. Write the date of publication in parentheses followed by a period. For example: "Smith, Mary. (2003, June 6)."

Write the title of the article followed by a period.

Write the name of the magazine in italics, followed by a comma. Write the issue number of the publication in italics followed by a comma, and the page number followed by a comma. "Journal of Science, 117, 33-36."

Verify that your citation looks like the following: "Smith, Mary. (2003, June 6). Better Understanding Static Charge. Journal of Science, 117, 33-36."

Internet Bibliography Citation

Write the author's last name, a comma, first name, and a period. Write the date in parentheses. Write the name of the article followed by a period. For example: "Black, Anthony. (2007, Feb. 2). The Joys of Static Cling."

Write the title of the website followed by a period. Write the name of the company that maintains the website, followed by a period. For example: "Online Science Journal. E.P.T. Electric Company."

Write "Retrieved" followed by the full date you retrieved or viewed the article online, include month, day and year, followed by a period. For example: "Retrieved July 6, 2010."

Write the full URL of the website, including "http://". For example: "http://onlinescience.com/staticcling".

Verify that your citation looks like the following: "Black, Anthony. (2007, Feb. 2). The Joys of Static Cling. Online Science Journal. E.P.T. Electric Company. Retrieved July 6, 2010. http://onlinescience.com/staticcling."

About the Author

Kara Page has been a freelance writer and editor since 2007. She maintains several blogs on travel, music, food and more. She is also a contributing writer for Suite101 and has articles published on eHow and Answerbag. Page holds a Bachelor of Music Education degree from the University of North Texas.

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