In "Esperanza Rising," author Pam Muñoz Ryan uses a third-person perspective -- a narrator that is not a part of the story -- with limited omniscience to tell the story of a young girl's struggle to adapt to life as an immigrant farm laborer in California during the Great Depression.
Point of View
The third-person narrator of the novel shares both the perspective of an outside observer and the thoughts and feelings of the main character, Esperanza. This point of view gives a clear picture of events while allowing the reader to experience them through the feelings of a young girl. From the opening pages where Esperanza begins to feel her heart beat with the land, to the closing chapter where the narrator reveals her "anticipation of dreams she never knew she could have," the reader is able to identify closely with the main character's struggle and transition.