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How to Cite a Book, Title & Author In Text

Updated March 23, 2017

APA In-Text Citation

Step 1

Reference book titles outside of parentheses. For example, write "In the novel Being in Love, Smith has defined love as a social impulse." According to APA format, italicize the book title (here "Being in Love").

Step 2

Write the name of the author in parentheses, along with the year a work was published and the page number you are referencing. Place this at the end of your sentence, before the period. For example, "In the novel Being in Love, love is defined as a social impulse" (Smith, 1999, p. 17).

Step 3

List only the year of publication and page number in parentheses if you mention the author by name in the text. For example, "In the novel Being in Love, Smith has defined love as a social impulse" (1999, p. 17).

MLA In-Text Citation

Step 1

Italicize the titles of books mentioned in the text. Write book titles within the text, not in parenthetical citations. For example, "In the novel Being in Love, Smith has defined love as a social impulse." Italicize "Being in Love."

Step 2

List the name of the author in parentheses, along with the page number you are referencing. Write this at the end of your sentence, before the period. For example, "In the novel Being in Love, love is defined as a social impulse" (Smith 17).

Step 3

List only the page number in parentheses if you mention the author by name in the text. For example, "In the novel Being in Love, Smith has defined love as a social impulse" (17).

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