How to Cite a Translation
Students, journalists and authors are often required to cite sources they used in their research, and those sources aren't always in English. When citing a translated work, the writer should give credit to the translator as well as the author. Many writings -- particularly classic books and texts -- have several different translations.
Cite translated works in the “works cited” or bibliography section according to the examples given below, putting the title of the work in italics:
MLA Format: Tolstoy, Leo. Anna Karenina. Trans. Rosemary Edmons. New York: Penguin Books,1954. Print.
APA Format: Tolstoy, L. (1954). Anna Karenina. (R. Edmons, Trans.). New York, NY: Penguin Books. (Original work published 1878).
Chicago Format: Tolstoy, Leo. Anna Karenina. Translated by Rosemary Edmons. New York:
Add parenthetical citations when citing a translated work in text in the MLA or APA format. Use the same rules you would use when citing any other work – use the author’s name, not the translators. When using APA style, use both date of translation and date of original publication.
MLA Format Use only the page number when referring to the author in the text. Include the chapter to make information in a novel easier to find: In Anna Karenina, Tolstoy writes that all happy families are alike (13; ch.1).
Include the author’s name in the citation if not referring to him in the text: Prince Stepan Arkadyevich usually woke up at eight o’clock (Tolstoy 13; ch.1)
APA Format Include only the year if referring to the author in the text. Remember to include both translation date and date of publication: In Anna Karenina, Tolstoy writes that all happy families are alike (1878/1954).
Include the author’s name if not referring to him in the text: Prince Stepan Arkadyevich usually woke up at eight o’clock (Tolstoy, 1878/1954).
Write footnotes instead of parenthetical citations when writing in Chicago Style. The first footnote should include publishing information and page number. Place the title of the work in italics:
Leo Tolstoy, Anna Karenina, trans. Rosemary Edmons (New York: Penguin, 1954), 13.
When citing the translated work additional times, only include the original author’s last name, a short form of the title and the cited page number in the footnote. Use italics to format the title of the work:
Tolstoy, Anna Karenina, 13.
When citing the same work two or more times in a row, you can use “Ibid.” for the second and additional footnotes:
Christina Sloane has been writing since 1992. Her work has appeared in several national literary magazines.