While rivers flow on their own, writers have to work to make their writing smooth and coherent. An essay that flows is well-organized, well-written, concise and logical. Choppy sentences, poor word choice, nonexistent transitions and illogical structure can make an essay unclear and difficult to understand. Imagine yourself as the reader and improve parts of the essay that might give someone pause. Showcase your research by concentrating on the quality of the writing you use to communicate your findings. A variety of methods create stronger flow, or coherence.
Create an outline to help determine where key points, which are the topics of your paragraphs, should go. Organize key points in a logical fashion, so that each paragraph leads into the next in a way that makes sense, whether it's chronological order, order of importance or another approach.
Write topic sentences and conclusions for each paragraph. Introduce the main point of each paragraph before you write supporting sentences. Conclude each paragraph with a brief summary of the ideas you’ve just addressed.
Include transitional words and phrases to indicate the relationships between connected ideas. Place words and phrases such as “consequently” and “even though" at the beginning of paragraphs or sentences to guide the reader through your paper.
Repeat important words and phrases throughout the essay. Repetition helps connect paragraphs.
Read your paper, and rewrite it to tighten up the structure, word choice and transitions. Writing a second draft gives you a chance to perfect your work.