Social sciences, such as communications and psychology, utilize a specific citation style in order to give credit to outside sources. The American Psychological Association, or APA, style of citation stipulates a set of rules and guidelines for citation, format and references within a work. When you're creating a PowerPoint presentation for a social science, you can use APA citation within the slides to properly bestow credit to the authors of any outside references employed to augment the presentation.
Using APA for Direct Quotations
Type word-for-word the entire quote you wish to include on your presentation slide. If the quote is under 40 words, write it out as a regular sentence surrounded by quotation marks. If it's over 40 words, indent the entire quotation 1/2 inch from the left margin and write it out as a block of text. Do not include quotation marks around block quotes.
Insert parentheses after the last word in the quote, and after any quotation marks.
Type the author's last name in the parentheses, followed by a comma. The author's name does not need to be included if you referenced it directly prior to presenting the quote.
Insert the year of publication after the comma. Following the year of publication, insert a second comma.
Type the exact page number after the comma, preceded by a "p." For example, a direct quotation from author John Smith would appear as "(Smith, 2011, p.25)."
Using APA for a Summary
Write the information that you have summarized from another person's work on your presentation slide. As you are paraphrasing, the text must not be a direct copy of the words used by the outside author. The summary must be in your words.
Insert parentheses after the last word in the summary.
Type the author's last name inside the parentheses, followed by a comma. If you referenced the name directly in the summary, it does not need to be included in the parentheses.
Type the year of publication after the comma, completing the citation. For example, a summary of work by author John Smith would appear as "(Smith, 2011)." If desired, you may include the page number of the information you summarized, but it is not required.