Analysis of Alfred Noyes's Poetry
The world of Alfred Noyes' poetry is populated with seafarers, mysterious travelers and fanciful tales. With a career that stretched from the early 20th century through his death in 1958, the British author is known for the traditionalism of his work, particularly his adherence to the conventions of Romantic poetry in an age when poets were growing increasingly experimental. Along with this Romantic flavor, Noyes's style is characterized by adventurous ballads and epics, as well as exploration of religious themes.
Ballads and Epics
A ballad is a poem that tells a story wrought with drama and mystery that often explores death and love through supernatural circumstances. Many of Noyes' poems portray detailed, dramatic stories filled with suspense and surprising conclusions. Noyes' most famous poem, "The Highwayman," is the tale of a mysterious man who rides into town at night to meet his love, the daughter of an inn-keeper, only to have their romance end in tragedy. Noyes' work also often takes on an epic nature through longer story poems, such as "Drake," a 200-page work that tells tales of life at sea.
Romanticism is one of the most significant movements in literature. Driven by the work of William Wordsworth, John Keats and Alfred Lloyd Tennyson in the late 1700's, the movement advocated individualism, freedom, supernatural elements and a strong appreciation for nature. In the early 20th century, however, authors T.S. Eliot and James Joyce pushed literature into the Modernism period, which advocated rejecting past traditions for expression and experimentalism. Noyes is known for retaining the language and themes of Romanticism and adamantly rejecting the poetic developments of the new century.
Early Work: Fantasy
Noyes said that his early work was meant to evoke the carefree, dreamlike work of children's imagination, a trait often seen in Wordsworth's poetry. Much of his work's language therefore includes a fanciful, dreamlike flavor. "A Loom of Years," the title poem of his first collection, presents an explanation of the passage of time: that time, nature and the seasons are sewn together into a tapestry by a weaver. Similarly, "Daddy Fell Into the Pond" is a brief, humorous story of a humdrum family picnic disrupted when the father stumbles into a lake.
Later Work: Religion
In Noyes' later career, the death of his wife and his conversation to Catholicism led to an increased emphasis on religious themes in his work. This is clearly seen in "The Last Voyage," the third volume in an epic trilogy Noyes began composing in 1917, where the plight of a young girl isolated at sea with a severe illness illustrates the tension between spirituality and science. The poem "A Prayer in Time of War" also explores the inevitability of God's judgment against a world that has rejected him.
- Kids Can Press: Learning Resource Materials: The Highwayman by Alfred Noyes
- Poets.org: A Brief Guide to Romanticism
- Poets.org: Alfred Noyes
- Poem Hunter: A Loom of Years; Alfred Noyes
- Poem Hunter: Daddy Fell Into the Pond; Alfred Noyes
- Poem Hunter: Biography of Alfred Noyes
- Poem Hunter: A Prayer in Time of War
Kori Morgan holds a Bachelor of Arts in professional writing and a Master of Fine Arts in creative writing and has been crafting online and print educational materials since 2006. She taught creative writing and composition at West Virginia University and the University of Akron and her fiction, poetry and essays have appeared in numerous literary journals.