How to Cite Instructor Notes in APA Format

Updated April 17, 2017

Step 1

Begin your citation with either a direct quotation in quotes or a paraphrased quotation from your instructor notes.

Step 2

Add the instructor’s first and middle initials, followed by the last name, followed by a comma, followed by the words “personal communication” followed by a comma, followed by a complete date, if known, in parentheses. If you do not know the exact date, give as much information as possible, such as month and year or just the year.

Example: “There are eight planets in our solar system (B. C. Miller, personal communication, January 18, 2011).”

Step 3

Use the instructor’s name in the body of your sentence and the rest of the citation in parentheses after the sentence if you want to refer to the instructor by name in your sentence.

Example: “According to B.C. Miller, there are eight planets in our solar system (personal communication, January 18, 2011).”

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About the Author

Danielle Cort has been a freelance writer since 2008, specializing in psychology, health, education and parenting. She has published articles in "Family" magazine. Before becoming a freelance writer, Cort worked in the public policy research sector, conducting research, creating surveys and budgets. She holds a Doctor of Philosophy in social psychology from the University of Massachusetts.