How to Cite in JADA Format
"JADA" is an acronym for the "Journal of the American Dietetic Association," and the JADA citation format is a formally defined variant of the widely practiced American Medical Association (AMA) format. JADA citations use specific practices for in-text citations as well as reference lists, and there are specific protocols in place for properly referencing books as well as electronic resources.
JADA In-Text Citations
Cite quoted passages in the text of the essay or article when using JADA format, rather than using footnotes or endnotes. Assign a number to each individual work you reference; these numbers should correspond to the order in which works on your references list appear at the end of your paper. Place the number corresponding to the cited work in parentheses in the text of your article when you're quoting from it, directly or indirectly.
Annotate indirect quotes by putting the work's corresponding number in parentheses as soon as you introduce the idea you're referencing. For example: "In her book (1), Wilson identifies a causal link between video games and childhood obesity." Wilson's theoretical book would then be at the top of your references list at the end of the paper.
Annotate direct quotes by putting the number corresponding to the cited work at the end of the quotation. For example: "Annenberg notes that there is 'no conclusive proof that dietary interventions can reverse the effects of diabetes in adult patients (2)." The parenthetical should come outside the quotation marks of the cited passage, but inside the end punctuation of the sentence.
Use commas to separate citations to two works and hyphens to note citations to three or more consecutive works from the references list. For example, if you're citing the third and fourth references from your list in a single sentence, note them with the format (3, 4). If you're citing the third, fourth and seventh through 10th works, note them with the format (3, 4, 7-10).
Create a References List
List all references, regardless of whether they're in book format, electronic format or another format, in the order in which you referenced them in the body of your paper.
Use the following format to reference a book: Author's surname, first initial, middle name (if given). Book title, in italics. Edition (if applicable). Publication city, publication country: publisher; publishing date. For example: “Hargreaves, S. Craig. The Psychological Effects of Dieting (in italics). 7th ed. New York, United States: Harper Publications, 1998.” Note that all authors must be listed; the JADA format does not permit the use of "et. al" to abbreviate authorship lists.
Cite journal articles using the following format: Surname first name/initials (no comma, only a space). Article title (in sentence case). Publication title (in italics). Date published; publication edition:pages (no spaces). For example: “Hanson B. Childhood dieting linked to adulthood nutritional deficincies. The Journal of Nutrition (in italitcs). 2001;140:86-88.”
Cite websites by using the exact same format as you would for an article in a scholarly journal, but add a URL and an accessed date at the end of the citation in the following format: URL. Accessed Month Date, Year. For example: “Rodin G. New study finds link between poor diet and memory loss. Online Journal of Medicine (in italics). 2001;107:22-26. Available at http://www.onlinejournalofmedicine.edu/publications.aspx. Accessed December 19, 2010.”
Jim Green has been a professional freelance writer and copy editor for over six years. He holds a B.A. in English from the University of Guelph (Guelph, Ontario, Canada) and a M.F.A. in creative writing from the University of Southern California. Green has special expertise in the areas of health, recreation, travel, home and garden, and personal finance.