How to Cite Web Pages in APA Format
The American Psychological Association (APA) has its own style for citing sources in research papers. APA style has strict rules for citing websites and other research documents. Writers must cite any webpage used in research at least twice throughout their paper--once after the information quoted or paraphrased in the text of the paper (known as an "in-text" citation) and once on the reference list at the end of the paper.
How to cite online articles — APA website citations usually include the author, the publication date, the title of the page or article, the website name, and the URL. If there is no author, start the citation with the title of the article. If the page is likely to change over time, add a retrieval date.
Example of how to cite an entire website in APA Style:
No need to do a formal citation to refer to a website. Only do a formal citation when you quote or paraphrase from the website.
The ubiquitous video site YouTube (https://youtube.com) enables free video hosting for the world.
Example of how to cite online articles in APA Style:
Last name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Publication Name. URL
For only versions of print publications like journals or magazines, use the normal APA citation format with the URL appended at the end.
In text, like the entire website APA citation above, use parentheses with the author and year, like (Jordan, 2021)
Example of how to cite websites with no author in APA Style:
Organization Name. (Year, Month Day). Page title. Site Name. URL
If the organization cannot be identified and the site name is the same, replace the organization name with the title of the URL:
Page title. (Year, Month Day). Site Name. URL
Example of how to cite websites with no date in APA Style:
When there is no date available, replace the date with "n.d." for no date.
Last name, Initials. (n.d.). Page title in italics. Site Name. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from URL
Example of how to cite from social media in APA Style:
Social media posts are often untitled. Put the first 20 words in italics as a title and include the type in square brackets, like [TicTok Video]
Last name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). First 20 words of post in italics [Description of multimedia aspects] [Type of post]. Site Name. URL
Use this format for citing a webpage in the reference list at the end of the paper:
Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Date of publication). Title of Page/Document (italicized). Retrieved from URL.
- Use the author's first and middle initials instead of his full name.
- If no author is available, begin the citation with the title of the webpage or document.
- If no publication date is available, use n.d.
For example, a citation for the article "Penn Football Player Had Brain Disease, Autopsy Shows" from the New York Times website would look like:
Schwarz, A. (Sept. 13, 2010). Penn Football Player Had Brain Disease, Autopsy Shows. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/14/sports/14football.html.
Use this format to cite a webpage in the text of your paper:
(Author, year, page number if applicable).
- Use parentheses around the text of the citation.
- If there is no author, use the first one or two words of the title. If there is no date, use n.d.
Place the citation at the end of the sentence(s) to which it refers, i.e. "cited material" (citation). For the article cited in step one, the in-text citation would be: (Schwarz, 2010).
Refer to the American Psychological Association's Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed) if you need clarification on the above formats. The manual is the definitive source for APA style citation.
Follow these citation examples exactly. Misplacing even one period or comma makes the citation wrong. And be wary of online citation generators; they might not be fully up-to-date on the latest APA style manual.
Example of how to cite a YouTube video in APA Style
Last name, Initials. [Channel name]. (Year, Month Day). Video title. YouTube URL
Last name, Initials. [Channel name]. (Year, Month Day). Video title. YouTube. URL
If the author real name is unknown, include the channel name without brackets:
ExpertVillage (2021, December 20). How to Install Brake Pads. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7FvfwRfSOPQ
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