How to Cite Seminars in APA Format

Writers in the behavioral and social sciences seek updated information, so they include material from contemporary sources, including conferences and seminars. The sixth edition of the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" offers guidelines for citing both handouts and personal notes from seminars.


When including information from a seminar handout, use an in-text citation inside parentheses. After the material, insert the presenter's last name, a comma and the year of the seminar;

for example: (Doe, 2013).

If you mention the presenter's name in text, omit it from the parentheses.

References Page

Include in-text citations of seminar handouts on the References page. Begin with the author's last name, a comma, her initials and a period. Put the year of the seminar inside parentheses followed by a period. Next goes the italicized title of the seminar. Inside brackets, put the file format of the document. Add a period. If you accessed the document online, include "Retrieved from" without quotation marks, the website name, a colon and the URL;

for example: Doe, J. (2013). Spiders Versus Flies [Funky Word Processing Program]. Retrieved from Best College Files: URL

Personal Notes

If you include material from notes you took at a seminar, cite them like a personal communication. Include this information only in text; do not place it on the References page. After the material, put the presenter's initials, last name, a comma, "personal communication" without quotation marks, a comma and the full date inside parentheses;

for example: (J. Doe, personal communication, March 30, 2013)