How to Cite a Work From an Anthology in a Bibliography
Citing a work from an anthology, which is a collection of various literary pieces in a single volume, can be confusing because there is essentially two of everything -- two titles, two publication dates, two creators. Fortunately, the American Psychological Association, or APA, and Modern Language Association, or MLA, style guides provide instructions for citing anthologized works so that referencing an edited source is as easy as citing other types of publications.
APA -- Single Author and Work
Type the author’s last name, a comma, a space, his first initial and a period. Make an open parenthesis. Enter the anthology's publication year. Add a close parenthesis and period. Type the title of the work in sentence case -- capitalize the first letters of the first word, proper nouns, and first word after a colon, if any. Place a period at the end. Type “In” followed by the editor’s first initial, a period, a space, the editor’s last name, another space and an open parenthesis. Enter the abbreviation “Ed.” followed by a close parenthesis and comma. Leave a space. Type the title of the anthology in italicized sentence case. Leave another space and make an open parenthesis. Enter the edition of the anthology in Arabic numerals followed by the ordinal designation, a period, comma and space. Type the abbreviation “pp.” then a space and the page range. Add a close parenthesis and a period. Note the city and state of publication. Use the two-letter state abbreviation, insert a comma after the city and add a colon after the space. Leave a space. Type the publisher’s name and a period. Make an open parenthesis. Note the original publication year then add a close parenthesis. For example:
Whitman, W. (2013). I sing the body electric. In A. Patriot (Ed.), Anthology of romantic Americana (italicized) (3rd ed., pp. 85-88). New York, NY: American Press. (Original work published 1865)
APA -- Multiple Works by the Same Author
In APA, if you cite multiple works by the same author that you sourced from the same anthology, you must still list each work individually with a complete reference. However, you should augment the publication date, so that your in-text citations -- which have an author-year format -- are distinguishable. Insert a lowercase letter between the publication year and the close parenthesis. This will allow you to distinguish between references when you cite them in the primary text. For example:
Whitman, W. (2013a). I sing the body electric. In A. Patriot (Ed.), Anthology of romantic Americana (italicized) (3rd ed., pp. 85-88). New York, NY: American Press. (Original work published 1865)
Whitman, W. (2013b). One hour to madness and joy. In A. Patriot (Ed.), Anthology of romantic Americana (italicized) (3rd ed., pp. 85-88). New York, NY: American Press. (Original work published 1860)
Corresponding in-text citations: (Whitman 2013a) and (Whitman 2013b)
Type the author’s last name, a comma, a space, the author’s first name and a period. Make an open quotation mark. Enter the title of the work in title case: capitalize the first letters of the first and last words, first words after a colon and all other title words that are not articles. Add a period and a close quotation mark. Type the title of the anthology in italicized title case followed by a period. Enter the abbreviation “Ed.” followed by the first and last names of the editor. Add a period. Type the city of publication, a colon, a space, the publisher’s name and a comma. Leave a space then add the city of publication and a colon. Leave another space. Type the publisher’s name, a comma, a space, the publication year and a period. Enter the page range followed by a period. Note the medium of publication and add a period. For example:
Whitman, Walt. “I Sing the Body Electric.” Anthology of Romantic Americana (italicized). Ed. Arthur Patriot. New York: American Press, 2013. 85-88. Print.
If your source is an anthology of works by the same author and an editor did not contribute any new content, you can omit the editor entry. If the work you are citing appears entirely on one page of the anthology, use the abbreviation “p.” before the page number in an APA reference.
Grace Riley has been a writer and photographer since 2005, with work appearing in magazines and newspapers such as the "Arkansas Democrat-Gazette." She has also worked as a school teacher and in public relations and polling analysis for political campaigns. Riley holds Bachelor of Arts degrees in American studies, political science and history, all from the University of Arkansas.