Aesop's fables are a collection of short stories that present a moral lesson to children. Their origin is unclear but often they are attributed to the Greek slave named Aesop, who lived from about 620 to 560 B.C. These stories are usually housed in an anthology or collection of works and were originally passed down in the oral tradition from one generation to another. When citing one of Aesop's fables in APA style, you would most likely treat it as chapter or entry within an anthology.
Start you citation with Aesop's name, since he is only known by Aesop, just the one name is fine. Follow the name with a period and the year the anthology you are citing from was published in parenthesis followed by a period. For example:
Follow the name and publication year with the title of the fable followed by a period. Then include the anthology from which your citation comes, as many contain different notes and translations. To do this, you follow the name of the fable with "In" and the editor's first initial, last name and the abbreviation "Ed." in parenthesis. For example:
Aesop. (2007). The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing. In D.L. Ashliman (Ed.)
Follow the "(Ed.)" with a comma and the name of the book or collection in italics. In most cases, it will probably be Aesop's Fables. Include the page numbers on which that particular fable appears in the collection in parenthesis after the anthology title in regular text. For our example, the story appears on pages 102-116. Our example looks like:
Aesop. (2007). The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing. In D.L. Ashliman (Ed.), Aesop's Fables (pp. 102-116).
Finish the citation with the city in which the anthology was published followed by a colon, the company that published it and a period. For our example, say the book was published in New York by Penguin Books. Our example looks like:
Aesop. (2007). The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing. In D.L. Ashliman (Ed.), Aesop's Fables (pp. 102-116). New York: Penguin Group.
Make sure that in your Works Cited Page, every line after the first line of text is indented. If, in the body of your paper, you cite an idea from Aesop, you would include parenthesis after the idea and inside write Aesop, the year the book was published and the specific page you are referencing. For example: (Aesop, 2007, p. 116). If you are quoting directly, try to use language of address such as "according to Aesop's fable, The Wolf in Sheep's Clothing ..." and then follow the quote with the page number in parenthesis. (p. 116).