Literature and other humanities courses often require students to write literary analyses that focus on poems and short stories. Properly formatting the titles of such works helps a reader understand what type of literature you are referring to and helps differentiate the name of the work from the other words in your sentences.
As explained in the seventh edition of the "MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers," the style most papers using short story references would use, titles of shorter works like articles, most poems and short stories should appear inside double quotation marks. (See Reference 1, p. 89, and Reference 2) Although the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" (6th edition) does not specifically mention short story titles, it follows the same conventions, requiring italics for longer works and quotation marks for shorter ones. (See Reference 3, p. 176) Capitalize the first word and subsequent important words for short story titles within your essay regardless of which documentation format you choose. (See Reference 1, p. 87 and Reference 3, p. 101) The title of a short story would be formatted like this example: "The Rocking-Horse Winner."