Websites are common sources for essays, but citing them can be tricky; when the site has no clear author, it can be even trickier. The American Psychological Association style has specific guidelines for citing Web pages that do not have authors, both in the text and on the "References" list at the end of the essay. When using Web pages as sources, be sure to obtain as much information about the site as possible, including date of publication, the page’s title, the date the page was accessed and the URL.
Within the Text
List the full title of the Web page in a lead-in in-text citation. A lead-in is when the citation information is written into the text of the essay. In the text, titles of Web pages should be placed in quotation marks. Example: According to the article “School Days,” many kids today love school.
Add the publication date in parentheses after the title. Example: According to the article “School Days” (2009), many kids today love school.
Use a parenthetical citation to include all citation information. In this type of citation, an abbreviated version of the title should be used in parentheses with the date. Example: (“School,” 2009).
Type the full title of the Web page. Put the title in italics and place a period after it.
List the date of publication in parentheses. If there is no publication date, write “(n.d.)." Follow the date with a period after the parenthesis.
Write “Retrieved” and then the full date that you accessed the Web page. The date should include month, day and year. End with a comma.
Write “from” and then list the URL for the Web page.
End the citation with a period. Example of the full citation: Blue and You Fitness Challenge. (n.d.). Retrieved June 7, 2009, from http://www.blueandyoufitnesschallenge-ark.com/index.aspx.