Write the last names of both of the parties involved in the case in italics. If you are writing the citation by hand, underline the name in lieu of using italics. If the citation is for a trial court case, write the names using the format “petitioner v. defendant” (if it’s a criminal case) or “plaintiff v. respondent” (if it’s a civil case). For an appellate court case, write the name of the party who appealed the decision (“appellant”) first, followed by “v.” and then the name of the responding party (“appellee”).
Insert a comma.
Insert the volume number of the law reporter in which the case is published.
Write the abbreviated title of the law reporter in which the case is published. Find the abbreviated title in the law report.
Insert the page number on which the case begins in the law reporter.
Insert a left parenthesis.
Insert the name of the state in which the case was decided followed by a space. If the Supreme Court decided the case, omit this step. Also omit this step if the name of the state is included in the title of the law reporter.
Insert the year in which the case was decided. Write the year as four digits.
Insert a right parenthesis.
Insert a period.