How to Cite a Political Cartoon

Cite a political cartoon in your essay in a variety of ways depending on the writing style you are using. The method of citation will also differ depending on whether the cartoon was retrieved online or in print.

Works Cited and References Citations

For Modern Language Association style, cite a political cartoon in a Works Cited page by including the artist's name, cartoon title in quotation marks, publication name in italics, publication date, page number if provided and medium -- either print or Web:

Sipress, David. "Republican Talking Points." Cartoon. The New Yorker 27 Oct. 2014. Web.

No page number is provided here because this Web source did not provide any. If your source is a print source or Web source that has page numbers, include them.

American Psychological Association style does not provide specific instructions for citing cartoons, so cite them as you would an entry from a periodical. For Web sources, include the artist's name, publication date in parentheses, cartoon title, the word "Cartoon" in square brackets, publication name in italics and Web address:

Varvel, G. (2014, October 15) The four horsemen. [Cartoon] Gaston Gazette. Retrieved from

For print sources, include the artist's name, date of publication, cartoon title, the word "Cartoon" in square brackets, publication name in italics and page numbers:

Peters, M. (1981, July 15) Nixon's at it again. [Cartoon] Journal Herald. p.1A8.

In-Text Citations

Cite in-text in MLA format by including the artist's last name and page number, if it is a print source, or cartoon name if it is a Web source:

"Nixon's At It Again" is a satirical cartoon featuring Richard Nixon, the 37th president of the United States (Peter, 1A8).

"The Four Horsemen" is a satirical piece, poking fun at the way the media portrays political issues (Varvel, "The Four Horsemen").

In APA format, for both Web and print sources, include the artist's last name and publishing year at the end of the sentence:

The Republicans were characterized as being predictable, using the same excuse to argue all their points (Sipress, 2014).

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