How to Cite a Presidential Speech in APA Style

Updated March 23, 2017

Step 1

List the last name of the author of your source, followed by a comma, followed by the year in which the source was published for an in-text citation. Your in-text citation should be enclosed in parentheses. For example:

(Smith, 2009)

Step 2

Position your in-text citation so that it directly follows the paraphrased or quoted source, but appears before any concluding punctuation such as a period. For example:

Reagan once again avoided specific commitment in August of that year, stating in a speech at Columbia University that "what needs to be done will be done" (Smith, 2009).

Step 3

Organize your full bibliographic reference in the format appropriate to the type of source you are using. For example, if you were quoting the speech from a published book, your reference should be arranged as follows:

Author's Last Name, First Initial. (Year of Book's Publication). Title of book in italics. City of Publication: Name of Publisher.

Smith, F. (2009). Reagan's tenure. Ithaca, NY: Presidential Press.

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  • Note that according to APA style, you should only capitalize the first letter of the title of the source. If there is a subtitle, the title and subtitle should be separated by a colon, and the first letter of the subtitle should also be capitalized. The first letters of proper nouns that appear in the title and subtitle should also be capitalized. For example:
  • Reagan's tenure: The sorrow of the Nicaraguan people.

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