How to Cite Video Recordings in APA Style

American Psychological Association style is used in research papers in the fields of science and social science. APA style requires specific bibliographic elements in all citations used in a paper, including audiovisual references. An example of an audiovisual reference in an APA paper is a video recording.

In-Text Citation

The in-text citation is placed at the closing of the sentencing referencing the video recording before the end punctuation. The reference is placed in parentheses and includes the last name of the producer and director of the video recording, followed by a comma and the year of publication, for example:

(Archer & Cousins, 2012).

Reference List Citation

Any APA style paper must include a references list including all resources used in the paper.

A video recording reference list citation will include the last name, a comma, the first initial of the producer, a period, "Producer" in parentheses, a comma, an ampersand, the last name, a comma, the first initial of the director, a period, "Director" in parentheses, a period, the year the video recording was released in parentheses followed by a period, the title of the film in italics, capitalizing the first word, "Video Recording" in brackets, a period, the country where the video recording originated, a colon, the studio's name and a period. For example:

Archer, J. (Producer) & Cousins, M. (Director). (2012). The story of film: An odyssey [Video Recording]. United Kingdom: Hopscotch Films.

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