How to Introduce Quotations
A quotation from a respected figure adds credibility to points made, and illustrates research. There are a few ways to introduce quotations. Often a quotation is given without introduction, then followed by an attribution. If you directly quote copyrighted material in a body of text, certain other rules apply. Observing the rules keeps everyone out of trouble.
Name the quoted person before the quote.
Attribute a quoting source. Credit the source along with the name of the quoted person to introduce a quotation.
Tease the attribution to follow. Introduce a quotation with distinguishing information on the quoted person. Follow by identifying that person.
Include footnotes for all direct quotes. Credit the person quoted and the copyrighted source of a direct quote with footnotes. Place raised numerals in consecutive order, immediately following direct quotes. List the author, title, editor, series and volume if applicable, city, publisher, copyright date and page number at the bottom of the same page, next to the corresponding numeral. Information varies for periodicals, newspapers and broadcast media sources.
Use bibliography form for footnotes. List the author's last name first, followed by title, series and volume, city, publisher and copyright date. No page numbering is required.
List footnotes in proper format. Indent footnotes in paragraph form and set them in smaller font size. Use 8 point footnotes for 12 point text. Apply single spacing within a footnote, double space or space and a half between each footnote.
- Check with your professor for specific preferences on footnote formatting.
- Writing format
- Research references