How to Make a Science Fair Research Paper

Science fair projects bring to mind images of students in white lab coats conducting experiments and recording data in notebooks. Science fair research papers, however, have become a capstone to any successful science fair project. Science fair winners know how to write reports that prove scientific skills and impress the judges, writes science columnist and educator Dr. Carlson. A well-written research paper helps others understand your science fair project and may even improve your overall grade.

Create a title page with your name, the date and the title of your science fair project. Format the body of the research paper using guidelines provided by your teacher.

State the hypothesis of your experiment, the driving force behind your science fair project. The National Health Museum defines a hypothesis as a testable statement that predicts a possible explanation to some phenomenon or event.

Write the step-by-step procedure you followed while conducting your science fair experiment. List the materials and lab equipment you used throughout the experiment.

Discuss how your observations, experiment and procedure follow the scientific method. The scientific method--a set of standard experiment procedures and criteria--attempts to eliminate the influence of bias when testing a hypothesis.

Report any quantitative (numerical) data you collected during the experiment with line graphs, pie charts or bar charts using a graphing program on the computer.

Explain the results of your experiment and draw conclusions. State whether or not your hypothesis was correct. Include any applicable mathematical formulas and equations, since many science experiments can be explained using mathematics.

Explain the overall significance of your science fair project and how your experiment relates to the world.

List any books, websites, journals or other sources you used for your research or experimentation. Format the sources according to guidelines provided by your teacher.


Proofread the entire research paper with a parent, editing content, grammar mistakes and punctuation before you hand it in to your teacher.

Things You'll Need

  • Experimental data
  • Graphing software
  • List of sources