How to Properly Format a Bibliography

Updated April 17, 2017

Step 1

Begin a new page at the end of the essay. Do not place the bibliography at the end of a page that contains part of the essay. It must be a separate page at the end.

Step 2

Adjust the margins on the page to 1 inch all around.

Step 3

Place the title “Bibliography” at the top of the page. The title should be capitalized and centered. Do not make it bold, italicize or underline it.

Step 4

Place the last name of the essay’s author and the page number in the upper right corner of the page. This information should already be on each page of the essay, so just continue numbering the bibliography pages.

Step 5

Arrange the citations in alphabetical order according to authors’ last names. If a source does not have an author, place in alphabetical order according to the title of the work.

Step 6

Indent each entry on the bibliography using hanging indentation. This means that the first line of the citation is at the left margin and all of the lines of the citation that follow should be indented five spaces.

Step 7

Single space lines within an entry, but add a double space between entries.

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  • The order of information for each entry in a bibliography varies depending on the type of source. Sources such as Colorado State University's writing guides provide examples of the various types of entries.

About the Author

Erica Sweeney is a freelance writer and editor based in Little Rock, Ark. She has a master's in journalism from the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. Her work has been published at SaidIt.org, Arkansas Times, Aging Arkansas and Arkansas Business.