Knowing how to properly write citations is important in preventing plagiarism and increasing your credibility. All resources should be cited, including tables. There are a few things you can do to ensure that tables are properly referenced in APA format.
Citing Tables in Text
According to the American Psychological Association, tables supplement information provided in text and provide clarity to the reader. However, tables must be properly referenced and cited in-text so the reader is directed to the appropriate information. In text, refer to tables by number.
For example: "As shown in Table 3, the mean score of the control group increased".
According to the American Psychological Association, it is best not to include page numbers when citing in-text tables. Page numbers often change when pages are typeset. By referring to tables by individual number, you provide clarity to the reader, reduce confusion and maintain consistency.
Citing Tables From Other Sources
You may also use tables from sources other than your own work. Tables from other sources must be cited to prevent plagiarism. When you use tables from other sources, include a citation directly below the table in-text. The citation should include the author's name, date of publication and page number.
For example: (Doe, 2013, p. 15).
Citing on the Reference Page
If you use tables from another person's work, you must also include a citation on the reference page. Cite the study in which the table was found by including the author(s), date of publication, title of study, name of journal, volume and number of journal and relevant page numbers. Double-space the reference, use one space after each punctuation mark and use hanging indentation.
For example: Doe, J. (2013). Student growth. Journal of Education (italicized), (3)1, 15-17.