"Number the Stars" is a fictional historical novel appropriate for junior-high and high-school students, written by Lois Lowry and published in 1989. The story takes place in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1943. The main protagonist, 10-year-old Annemarie Johansen, must help save her Jewish friend, Ellen Rosen, during the rescue of the Danish Jews. The rising action sets the stage for Annemarie's decisions.
The rising action centers around Annemarie and her family's decision to save and protect Ellen. Annemarie doesn't know that her older sister Lise died in the Danish Resistance, but when Ellen's life is threatened, the Johansen's allow Ellen to assume Lise's identity. The Johansen's have a birth certificate that proves Lise's existence, so German soldiers believe Ellen is their daughter, despite her dark hair and eyes. The family helps Ellen and her family get to the coast so they can flee to Sweden on a fishing boat. The climax focuses on Annemarie's brave acts on the night of the escape.